Adrian Mannarino claimed his maiden ATP Tour singles title at the Libema Open in s'Hertogenbosch. The year-old Frenchman secured a. Die Rosmalen Grass Court Championships, derzeit gesponserter Name Libéma Open, sind ein professionelles Tennisturnier in der Stadt Rosmalen am Rande der niederländischen Stadt 's-Hertogenbosch. Die ATP Tour Ergebnisse , Spiel Termine Runden zu Tennis Turnier s-Hertogenbosch ATP UNICEF Open - Tennis Statistiken live Wettpoint.
Post navigationDieser Artikel befasst sich mit dem Damen-Turnier in 's-Hertogenbosch, zum Herren-Turnier siehe ATP 's-Hertogenbosch. Tennis Libéma Open. WTA Tour. Die Rosmalen Grass Court Championships, derzeit gesponserter Name Libéma Open, sind ein professionelles Tennisturnier in der Stadt Rosmalen am Rande der niederländischen Stadt 's-Hertogenbosch. Adrian Mannarino claimed his maiden ATP Tour singles title at the Libema Open in s'Hertogenbosch. The year-old Frenchman secured a.
Atp Hertogenbosch Wereldtoppers Bertens en Medvedev spelen Libéma Open 2021 VideoPetzschner/Peya vs Lopez/Lopez Doha Doubles Final 2016 (extended highlights)
His reason for founding the city was to protect his own interests against encroachment from Gelre and Holland ; from its first days, he conceived of the city as a fortress.
It was destroyed in in a joint expedition of Gelre and Holland, but was soon rebuilt. Some remnants of the original city walls may still be seen.
In the late 14th century, a much larger wall was erected to protect the greatly expanded settled area. Artificial waterways were dug to serve as a city moat, through which the rivers Dommel and Aa were diverted.
Until , the city flourished, becoming the second largest population centre in the territory of the present Netherlands, after Utrecht. The city was also a center of music, and composers, such as Jheronimus Clibano , received their training at its churches.
Others held positions there: Matthaeus Pipelare was musical director at the Confraternity of Our Lady; and renowned Habsburg copyist and composer Pierre Alamire did much of his work at 's-Hertogenbosch.
The wars of the Reformation changed the course of the city's history. It became an independent bishopric. During the Eighty Years' War , the city took the side of the Habsburg Catholic authorities and thwarted a Calvinist coup.
It was besieged several times by Prince Maurice of Orange , stadtholder of most of the Dutch Republic , who wanted to bring 's-Hertogenbosch under the rule of the rebel United Provinces.
The city was successfully defended by Claude de Berlaymont , also known as Haultpenne. In the years of Truce, before the renewed fighting after , the fortifications were greatly expanded.
The surrounding marshes made a siege of the conventional type impossible, and the fortress, deemed impregnable, was nicknamed the Marsh Dragon.
The town was nevertheless finally conquered by Frederik Hendrik of Orange in in a typically Dutch stratagem: he diverted the rivers Dommel and Aa, created a polder by constructing a forty-kilometre dyke and then pumped out the water by mills.
After a siege of three months, the city had to surrender—an enormous blow to Habsburg geo-political strategy during the Thirty Years' War.
This surrender cut the town off from the rest of the duchy and the area was treated by the Republic as an occupation zone without political liberties see also Generality Lands.
After the Peace of Westphalia , the fortifications were again expanded. In French revolutionary troops under the command of Charles Pichegru attacked the city.
It was only weakly defended, and fell after a short siege. Pichegru then crossed the rivers and put an end to the Dutch Republic. In the Batavian Republic , that was established in , both Catholics and Brabanders at last gained equal rights.
From , the city became part of the Kingdom of Holland and from , it was incorporated into the First French Empire. It was captured by the Prussians in The next year, , when the United Kingdom of the Netherlands was established, it became the capital of North Brabant.
Many newer and more modern fortresses were created in the vicinity of the city. A new canal was built, the 'Zuid-Willemsvaart', which gave the city an economic impulse.
Trade, manufacturing and industry grew. Until , it was forbidden to build outside the ramparts. That led to overcrowding and the highest infant mortality in the kingdom.
At the end of the 19th century, the very conservative city government prevented industrial investment to avoid an increase in the number of workers and the establishment of educational institutions: students were regarded as disorderly.
As a result, the relative importance of the city diminished. One of the few official Nazi concentration camp complexes in Western Europe outside Germany and Austria was named after 's-Hertogenbosch.
It operated from January , to September and was known to the Germans as Herzogenbusch see List of subcamps of Herzogenbusch.
In the Netherlands, this camp is known as 'Kamp Vught ', because the concentration camp was actually located at a heath near Vught, a village a few kilometres south of 's-Hertogenbosch.
The allies struck back—the railway station was bombed by planes of the Royal Air Force on 16 September After the war, 's-Hertogenbosch was modernized, like many other cities in the Netherlands.
It was probably only geography that shielded the old town from rigorous reconstruction in those early years. Just in time, the pendulum swung over to protecting the history of the city.
In , the council wanted to demolish the Moriaan, the oldest brick building in the Netherlands, to give traffic better access to the market square.
The permit was refused by the government and instead the building was restored, starting in Later, city councils became much more aware of the value of historic buildings and from about the turn of the millennium, the historic fortifications are also given much attention by the authorities.
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is " Cfb ". The city of 's-Hertogenbosch has become a center of industry, education, administration and culture.
It is currently the fourth city of Noord Brabant. The Jeroen Bosch Hospital is the biggest employer in the area, with over 4, employees. This is a juried international ceramic residency where they invite artists, designers and architects from around to the world to explore the medium of Ceramics.
This program was initially started in and continues to this day. The city has its own food speciality, the Bossche Bol —effectively a giant profiterole , somewhat larger than a tennis ball, which is filled with whipped cream and coated with chocolate.
De Toonzaal is a music venue for chamber music , improvised music , and experimental music. For popular music there is the venue W2 or Willem II.
The Noordbrabants Museum is a provincial museum with a nice overview of works that Vincent van Gogh made in Brabant. The Design Museum Den Bosch is a modern art museum.
In its current form the story and symbolism dates from to In these years some citizens created the legend of "Oeteldonk", whereby the city was renamed to Oeteldonk for the three day carnival.
The frog is widely used as a symbol during the 's-Hertogenbosch Carnival. It's also a symbol of the Oeteldonk marsh. He had wanted to forbid the traditional festivities of Shrove Tuesday that often led to excesses.
Oeteldonk is a village and therefore every inhabitant is a farmer or a 'durske' a girl or young woman , eliminating class differences.
Each year the mayor of 's-Hertogenbosch hands over his authority to the Mayor of Oeteldonk. From there a parade of all carnival clubs escorts the company to the town hall.
The citizens of 's-Hertogenbosch wear traditional outfits throughout these days. A so-called boerenkiel is worn and every year patches are designed according to that years theme which can then be stitched onto the outfit.
The boerenkiel is often combined with a traditional farmers bandana and a long scarf in the colors of Oeteldonk.
Other aspects like the parade, the temporary name and the temporary flag for Oeteldonk red, white and yellow are very similar.
After World War II, plans were made to modernise the old city, by filling in the canals, removing or modifying some ramparts and redeveloping historic neighbourhoods.
Before these plans could come to effect, however, the central government declared the city a protected townscape.
Most historic elements have been preserved. In contrast to cities like Rotterdam , 's-Hertogenbosch also survived the Second World War relatively unscathed.
Much of its historic heritage remains intact, and today there are always renovations going on in the city to preserve the many old buildings, fortifications, churches and statues for later generations.
The city center has a cozy atmosphere because of the almost continuous ramparts that still surround it.
It has been molded by the multiple rivers that convene on 's-Hertogenbosch, giving the center its strange street plan so different from the usual grid plan , where streets meet at right angles.
In an extensive restoration was completed, undoing the damage of many years of wear-and-tear and acid rain. On the central square is the oldest remaining brick house of the Netherlands, 'de Moriaan',  which was built at the beginning of the 13th century.
In the s, de Moriaan was renovated to its former glory based on a famous 16th-century Dutch painting called 'De Lakenmarkt van 's-Hertogenbosch' 'The fabric market of 's-Hertogenbosch'.
After the town was conquered by the Dutch Republic in , it got a new facade in the style of the Dutch Baroque architecture.
It showcased the authority of the new masters, just like the new town hall in Maastricht would. It started out as a regular river, the Dommel, running through the city in medieval times.
Niederlande Peter Wessels. Tschechien Jan Hernych. Argentinien Guillermo Coria. Niederlande Sjeng Schalken 2. Niederlande Sjeng Schalken 1.
Australien Lleyton Hewitt. Australien Patrick Rafter 3. Australien Patrick Rafter 2. Rumänien Andrei Pavel. Australien Patrick Rafter 1.
Tschechien Martin Damm. Niederlande Richard Krajicek 2. Frankreich Guillaume Raoux. Vereinigte Staaten Richey Reneberg.
Schweden Anders Järryd. Michiel Schapers. Amos Mansdorf. Alexander Volkov. Dominic Inglot Austin Krajicek. Marcus Daniell Wesley Koolhof.
Raven Klaasen Michael Venus. Raven Klaasen Rajeev Ram. Dominic Inglot Raven Klaasen. Pierre-Hugues Herbert Nicolas Mahut.
Andre Begemann Martin Emmrich. Wesley Moodie Dick Norman. Johan Brunström Jean-Julien Rojer. Mahesh Bhupathi Leander Paes. Jeff Coetzee Rogier Wassen.
Martin Damm Leander Paes. Martin Damm Cyril Suk. Lars Burgsmüller Jan Vacek. Donald Johnson Leander Paes.
Paul Haarhuis Brian MacPhie. Paul Haarhuis Sjeng Schalken. Paul Haarhuis Sandon Stolle. Guillaume Raoux Jan Siemerink.
Joshua Eagle Andrew Florent. Jacco Eltingh Paul Haarhuis. Trevor Kronemann David Macpherson. Anders Järryd Daniel Nestor.